Written by John L. Balderston
Directed by Karl Freund
Starring Boris Karloff, Zita Johann, David Manners, Arthur Bryan, Edward Van Sloan
US Release Dec. 22, 1932
RT 73 min.
Home Video Universal Studios Home Entertainment
Classic Horrors rating = 7 (out of 10)
Of all the wonderful elements in Universal’s The Mummy (1932), there’s one that’s largely absent: a mummy. The cloth-wrapped version of (Boris) Karloff “The Uncanny,” with makeup by the great Jack Pierce (Frankenstein), is not seen again after the first 12 minutes of the movie. We don’t even see him walk; we see only a lingering strip of cloth as he exits the tomb from which he was resurrected by the recital of an ancient curse.
This is great for the mystery and imagination, but how and where did we get the iconic image of a mummy shuffling along, one arm outstretched or perhaps both arms carrying a beautiful woman into a swamp? It must have been from a subsequent mummy movie, of which there are many (at least five more from Universal itself.) Fortunately, we still have Karloff for the entire movie, as well as fantastically moody direction by Karl Freund.
A year earlier, Freund was the Cinematographer on Dracula. In what is in essence a remake of Dracula, Freund calls the shots behind the camera and the result is a consistently more atmospheric and moody production. He loves that strip of light across his creatures’ eyes; used so effectively in Dracula, he repeats the technique here. It makes Karloff’s unwrapped character 10 years later in the story, Ardath Bey, even more sinister than Bela Lugosi.
Bey is really Imhotep, an Egyptian priest who was buried alive for trying to resurrect the woman he loved, princess Ankh-es-en-amon. In modern Cairo, he encounters Helen Grosvenor (Zita Johann), who is the reincarnation of his princess. He plots to kill her, mummify her, and then resurrect her so that she can be his eternal bride. (“I was buried alive. I ask of you only a moment of agony.”) Sound familiar? That’s often where the comparison to Dracula is made.
Having forgotten that The Mummy was largely mummy-less until I re-watched it recently, I now am a little more forgiving of Universal’s 1999 version, an action-packed epic masquerading as a horror film. In retrospect, it does a pretty good job of harvesting the core elements from its predecessor. I won’t say one of the elements in The Mummy (1932) is action; however, it is quite suspenseful and relies more heavily on supernatural forces instead of a particular monster itself.
I’m a little perplexed by the enduring popularity of the mummy as one of the evergreen monsters, along with Dracula, Frankenstein’s monster, the Wolf Man and/or the Creature from the Black Lagoon. What does a mummy actually do? Sure, it’s a frightening image, and the dead brought back to life is usually scary. But with the insane popularity of faster moving, hard to kill zombies, you’d think a creature that’s movements are restricted and can easily turn to dust would be rather ho-hum.
But I digress. The Mummy (1932), regardless of the monster, is a worthy addition to the roster of Universal Monsters, within the context of their 1930’s origins. It’s the first movie that’s mystery unfolds during the time it was made; Dracula and Frankenstein took place in the past. It also gained huge momentum from the public’s fascination with mummies, as demonstrated following the discovery of Tutankhamun’s (King Tut’s) tomb in 1922.